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        对外族最有骨气的王朝:大明朝宁死不迁都

            有人对明朝极尽污蔑之能事,好象明朝是最不中用的朝代。其实,只要细心比较,就会发现明朝实为历史上最有骨气的王朝!和号称最强大的汉、唐比,明朝亦毫无愧色!

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            长期为明朝边患的是蒙古,而汉则是匈奴。老糊涂们总是津津乐道明英宗在土木堡被俘,可是汉高祖当年也被匈奴兵围在白登山七天七夜!最后的解决方案是,汉朝去给单于老婆送礼,请她吹枕边风,放了汉高祖一条生路;而明朝则断然拒绝蒙古索求财物换英宗的要求,另立新君打败了蒙古。汉武帝派兵北伐匈奴,而明成祖则是亲征蒙古。“敢犯我强汉者,虽远必诛!”并不适用于整个汉朝,而明朝也有过类似的辉煌。

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            与唐朝比。不错,唐初国力强盛,四海咸服。可盛唐以后呢?安史叛兵和黄巢匪兵以及吐蕃蛮兵都曾攻入长安。可以比较的是:在安史之乱和黄巢起义中,唐玄宗和唐僖宗弃都南逃蜀中。明朝则从未有过这种例子。在李自成兵进入北京前,崇祯皇帝拒绝迁都,最终也以自己的行动实现了“君王死社稷亡”的志向,这和清帝溥仪向日本驱膝称臣更有天壤之别;也是在安史之乱和黄巢起义中,唐朝向回鹘借兵,结果回鹘兵在长安附近烧杀掠夺,无恶不作。而明朝在“靖难之役”等内乱中,可曾向蒙古借过兵?还有一点,汉唐长期实行“和亲政策”,而明朝则从没有拿宗室女子嫁蒙古、满洲去换和平!

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            明朝无论是遇到多大压力,既没有屈膝投降,也没有割地赔款。在明末那种内忧外患中,明朝依然兵分两路对付满清和造反的李自成,对关外的土地依然没有放弃“全辽可复”的计划。从英宗到崇祯的几次北京保卫战中,明廷更是坚定,兵临城下宁死不迁都,这在中国历史上是罕见的!


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