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        朱元璋前期为什么只派了两个儿子去就藩?

          嗨又和大家见面了,今天趣历史小编带来了一篇关于朱元璋的文章,希望你们喜欢。

          朱元璋在登上王位之后,便开始了自己取代功臣的计划。因为在建国的时候他们是出生入死的兄弟,到了江山稳定的时候,这帮老家伙便成了威胁后代江山的眼中钉了。一向视皇权如生命的朱元璋怎么能放任这些老家伙对自己江山的威胁的。其实我们应该能明白朱元璋的用心,毕竟登基的时候已经年过半百了,而出生入死的这些兄弟们正值青春年少时期,夺权是必然的安排,至于怎么夺朱元璋精心的策划了一番。洪武十一年,他的两个儿子前去不同的封地就藩,这便是他计划的开始,有人也许会问,朱元璋那么多儿子,为什么单单派了两个?在下面的故事中我将解答疑惑。

        image.png

          关于就藩我想先解释一下朱元璋的想法。很明显他的目的是想让自己的儿子取代功臣,从而夺权。其实这个计划当时被分为了三个步骤。其一就是封藩,分封自己的儿子为藩王,首先在头衔上先入为主了。其二就是补充王府护卫,从朱元璋大量给王府派发兵力上面我们就能猜出藩王们前去封地是必须之举。但是封藩和补充兵力的时候都有朱元璋的四儿子朱棣,但是在前去就藩的时候,就只剩下他的两个哥哥了。也许很多人认为可能是老四的身上出现了问题,才让朱元璋突然改变了主意。当时朱棣因没有就藩成功独自跑去凤阳呆了两年,足以看出朱棣的伤心程度,但是大家却猜错了,朱元璋的计划改变和朱棣本身是没有关系的。

          一方面,我们可以从封地的大臣的角度来考虑一下原因。皇帝下达册封自己的儿子们为藩王的决定,作为大臣我们高兴,因为藩王远在京城,根本妨碍不到我们。接着皇帝下达补充王府兵力的命令,同样藩地的大臣天高皇帝远的妨碍不着什么大事。但是就藩的性质就不一样了,藩王是要前往封地任职的。一方面是皇帝的儿子,一方面是有功的大臣,大臣的权利自然没有亲儿子的权利大。因此,一旦就藩注定藩地的老臣们自然大权旁落,至于会不会闹出什么祸事就无从可知了。因此在就藩上面原本想要派三个儿子一同前往接管西安、太原和北平,在临行前朱元璋变改了主意,派了二子和三子前去试试水的深浅。那么为什么单单少了朱棣呢?

        image.png

          另一方面,朱棣当时虽然只有十九岁,但是已然成年了,也可以说不管是实力还会地位方面都与哥哥相当,但是就藩的重任为什么偏偏少了他呢?其实根本就不是谁去谁不去的问题,而是一个数量的问题。就藩这个计划在精明的朱元璋看来是个心里没底的事情,本身就是行事比较谨慎的人,在做了充分的考虑之后,觉得一下子安排三个人去北方就藩,影响太大,如果没有控制好势必会引发事端,于是便想试试效果,减少了一个就藩的名额。也许有人会问,既然是试一试为什么不指派一人前去?其实原因非常的明显,既然就藩势在必行派一个儿子势单力薄起不了太大的作用,派两个才是上上之选。

        image.png

          从就藩这个行动我们不难发现,朱元璋虽然因为家穷没有念过几个大字,但是在关键时刻还是能够洞悉人性的,并且在考虑事情方面也非常的全面,甚至在管理人才方面也有自己独到的见解。这次就藩既然没有十足的把握,就先让两个大哥前去试水,在做下一步的打算,但是朱棣却不知道父亲的用意。在接在就藩没有自己的通知时,便独自跑去凤阳。殊不知,他将来就藩的地点北平曾经是元朝的上都,足以证明北平的重要性和他在朱元璋心里的重要地位。


        《路边历史编辑》

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